Submission Deadline
07 Dec 2021 (Vol 44 , Iss 06 )

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31 Dec 2021 (Vol 44 , Iss 06 )

Journal ID : TMJ-03-09-2021-10623
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Title : The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health well-being among parents of children with disabilities and without disabilities

Abstract :

The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic had raised enormous threat in social, economy, health and environment globally. This study aims to identify the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health well- being among parents of children with disabilities and without disabilities. A cross-sectional study was employed, with a total of 150 parents. The tools used are Demographic Form, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10). Data analysis depicts that most of the parents have normal level of depression, anxiety and stress with value of 53.8%, 46.2%, 64.1% in parents of children with disabilities, and 72.2%, 58.3%, 84.7% for parents of children without disabilities. However, the parents show moderate level of perceived stress with value of 67.9% and 52.8% in parents of children with disabilities and without disabilities. The difference in mental health well- being (depression (Mean=4.92, 3.54, SD=4.10, 3.25), stress (Mean=6.63, 5.17, SD=4.09, 3.78) and perceived stress (Mean=17.40, 14.63, SD= 6.87, 5.44)) among both parents are significant (p<0.05). While, the mean difference for parents of children with disability is the highest. There is significant correlation between depression with type of child’s disability, between stress with gender and age, as well as between perceived stress symptoms with marital status and employment status. We can conclude that the mental health well-being of parents of children with disabilities are more affected compared to parents of children without disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, the type of child’s disability (mental and physical), gender (female) employment status (working), marital status (married) and age (below 40 years old) are significant predictor to deterioration of mental health well- being among both parents. Implications offer research-based data for policymakers to create suitable and successful initiatives for parents of disabled children during COVID-19 pandemic.

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