04 Dec 2023
30 Nov 2023
Pain is a condition that is felt by a person subjectively, in which everyone has a different level of pain. Several studies show that there are still many complaints of pain felt by some people, which are caused by needles. The purpose of this paper is to determine the effectiveness of EMLA and ethyl chloride spray to reduce pain caused by needles. This study is a literature review using data from various sources such as books, websites, journals and others. The result shows that neither EMLA nor ethyl chloride spray had a significant difference in reducing pain intensity. Ethyl chloride spray has rapid onset of action and short duration of action. Ethyl chloride spray also rarely causes allergic reactions and has very little systemic effect. Meanwhile, EMLA has a slow onset but it has long duration and also a deeper anesthetic effect than ethyl chloride spray. The conclusion of this study is that EMLA and ethyl chloride spray both have the same effectiveness to reduce local pain on the skin, but ethyl chloride spray has a fast onset of action so it is more suitable for procedures that require a shorter preparation time compared to EMLA which has a slower onset of action.