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Journal ID : TMJ-29-01-2022-11060
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Title : Stability of implants supported by three types of bone grafting materials in dogs

Abstract :

This study was conducted to assess the stability of implants placed in a simultaneous procedure with different grafting materials (autogenous, xenogenous, and synthetic) in experimentally induced bone defects in dogs. Thirteen dogs were included and divided into three groups according to the time of sacrificing. Oversized osteotomies were prepared in the sternum, and the implants were placed in bone defects. A total of 3 to 5 implants were placed per animal. Each group of animals contained 3 subgroups according to the grafting material utilized. In subgroup 1, autograft was applied, whereas in subgroups 2 and 3, bovine bone mineral (Cerabone) and a synthetic calcium phosphate substitute (Osteon II) were employed. At the end of the specified healing periods (2 months, 4 months, or 6 months), the animals were sacrificed and the implant stability was determined through measuring the resonance frequency. Forty-five integrated implants were obtained from this study and nine were lost (failure rate 17%). The two-way analysis of variance revealed no significant difference in ISQ measurements either between the bone graft materials (autogenous, xenogenous, and synthetic P=0.950) or between the healing intervals (2 months, 4 months, and 6 months; P=0.769). The stability of implants augmented with autogenous, xenogenous (Cerabone) or synthetic (Osteon II) graft materials was comparable at 2, 4 and 6 months after placement. This indicates that both Cerabone and Osteon II could be considered as suitable substitutes for regeneration of bone defects to overcome the limitations of autografts.

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