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Journal ID : TMJ-05-09-2021-10637
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Title : Screening of the Risk Factors for Congenital Anomalies in Pregnant Women Attending Maternity and Obstetric Hospitals at Mosul City

Abstract :

To determine the possible risk factor leading to common congenital anomalies among fetuses and neonatal and assess possibly causes the lead to congenital anomalies A descriptive study (it was cross-sectional) was adopted to achieve the objectives of the current study for the period from October 16 to May 31, 2020. Data were collected from Nineveh Governorate. An objective sample of (120) women who gave birth to children with congenital anomalies in maternity wards was selected in this study. Data were prepared, organized, and entered a computer file; Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS, version 26). In a questionnaire for women in maternity wards in maternity hospitals in the city of Mosul, 120 women who gave birth to deformed children were monitored. Most of the risk factors were important in an association between congenital malformations and parental kinship, fever, and maternal nutrition. Malnutrition during pregnancy also shows an association between parental consanguinity and NTD. It was concluded from the available data that there is a significant association between congenital anomalies, parental consanguinity, maternal nutritional status, and high temperature during pregnancy. Support parents who have a deformed baby or are at risk of having a baby with a congenital problem, by doing basic checkups before and during pregnancy to make sure the pregnancy is healthy.

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