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20 Jun 2024 (Vol 47 , Iss 06 )

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31 May 2024 (Vol 47 , Iss 05 )

Journal ID : TMJ-07-09-2021-10643
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Title : Risk Factors and neonatal outcome among preterm birth at Thi-Qar State hospitals

Abstract :

Preterm birth (PTB) is a serious medical condition that causes perinatal mortality rate. The goal of this study is to find risk factors for preterm birth and poor neonatal outcomes in Thi-Qar, Iraq. A prospective observational study was conducted over a period of one year fromMarch 2016 to March 2017. About 1000 cases of preterm deliveries were studied in the three main centralhospitals in Thi-QarstateBint Al Huda Hospital Maternity and Child Hospital, Al-Haboby Hospital and Al -Shatraa Hospital). Preterm birth was found to be 2.48 percent of the time, with the possible risk factors and neonatal outcome being documented and studied. Multiparty 74.5percent, prior miscarriage 41.7 percent, 1-year interval between pregnancies 39.5 percent, urinary tract infection 28.4 percent, cervical incompetence 12.4%, prior preterm birth 12.5 percent, multiple pregnancies 11.8 percent, and poor socioeconomic status were the most common factors. The research group's perinatal mortality rate was 34.9 percent, with antepartum bleeding and congenital abnormalities being the most prevalent causes of stillbirth and respiratory distress disorder being the most common causes of early newborn fatalities. Neonatal mortality was 84.7 percent in newborns weighing less than 1000 grams at delivery. The most common predisposing characteristics were being multiparous, being a smoker, and being a woman.

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