04 Dec 2023
30 Nov 2023
The study's objective is to examine the relationship between maternal TSH levels in the first trimester and fetal birth weight and maternal hemoglobin levels during pregnancy. A retrospective study that included 300 pregnant women who utilized the outpatient of Gynecology, and Obstetrics at Al Khanssa teaching Hospital in the City of Mosul during the first trimester of pregnancy and gave birth in this clinic between January 2020 and May 2021. Thyroid- stimulating hormone level was measured in the first trimester after pregnancy was detected by ultrasonography. In the present study, the patients were divided into 3 groups as low (<2500 grams), normal (2500-4000 grams), and high (>4000 grams) according to their infant birth weight and compared with the TSH groups. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 25.0 program. There are 300 women in our study. The patients were divided into three groups according to their TSH levels. The first group consisted of 15 patients, the second group 230, and the third group 55 patients. The mean (mean) of the entire study group; age was 26.78±5.67 years, first maternal hemoglobin value was 12.29±1.21 g/dl, last maternal hemoglobin value was 11.65±1.33 g/dl, and fetal birth weight was 3241±408 grams. Of 300 patients, 184 (61.3%) delivered vaginally and 116 (38.7%) delivered by cesarean section. Of the babies delivered, 160 (53.3%) were girls and 140(46.7) were boys. There was no statistically significant difference between TSH groups, delivery type, and genders (p>0.05). In our study, no difference was observed in terms of birth weights, delivery types, and gender in patients grouped according to first trimester TSH levels.