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08 Jul 2022 (Vol 45 , Iss 05 )

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31 Jul 2022 (Vol 45 , Iss 05 )

Journal ID : TMJ-01-11-2021-10772
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Title : PREVALENCE RATE AND RISK FACTORS OF FUNCTIONAL CONSTIPATION AMONG CHILDREN WHO ATTEND AL- KHANSA TEACHING HOSPITAL IN MOSUL CITY

Abstract :

Functional constipation (FC) is a prevalent heath problem in children, about a third of constipated children persist in having constipation after puberty. Chronic constipation negatively affects multiple aspects of life and leads to significant stress on children and the parents. Although functional constipation is a common health problem, its etiology is still unknown. The present study aims to estimate the prevalence rate and the risk factors associated with functional constipation among children. A Case- Control study has been conducted at Al-Khansa teaching hospital for the period between 1st November 2020 to 15th June 2021. The study includes all children aged 2-12 years who have been present to the surgical consultation clinic in Al-Khansa hospital with a chief complaint of constipation, only those who have FC based on Rome IV criteria are enrolled in the study. The prevalence rate of functional constipation is observed in 4% of children who attend surgical consultation clinic at Al-Khansa teaching hospital, girls show higher rate of FC than boys. Most of these children were belong to parents from low education levels. Painful defecation and fecal impaction are the most common symptoms complained by constipated children. Functional constipation continues to be a prevalent health problem in children. Skipping breakfast daily, daily consumption of cow milk and not waking up early are found to be risk factors associated with FC in the present study. In the light of these conclusions the present study recommends in the essential of life style’s modification to reduce the problem of FC in children.

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