04 Dec 2023
30 Nov 2023
School closure policies in all countries during COVID-19 pandemic can increase the incidence of obesity in obese school children. The aim of this research was to assess the nutritional status, eating habits, and physical activity of obese school children during the pandemic. This is a cross-sectional study at the two elementary schools with the highest prevalence of obesity in South Jakarta. Anthropometric data were collected at respondents’ homes while food consumption and daily activity were collected online. The 24-hours-recall and food consumption analysis were used. Statistical analysis data used SPSS, (p = 0.05). Of 52 students, 33 were classified as obese, and 19 students were classified as overweight. The proportion of obesity incidence and waist circumference for height was significantly higher (p <0.05) in boys than girls. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) in energy and carbohydrate intake between overweight and obese students. The average energy intake and carbohydrate of overweight students were 74.42% RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) and 64.23% RDA, respectively, while obese students were 87.00% RDA and 86.33% RDA, respectively. The average physical activity a day was around 9-12 minutes, and secondary activities such as watching TV, playing games, and surfing the internet are more than 3 hours per day. This can conclude that during the pandemic, the proportion of obese and centrally obese children was higher than overweight children. They habitually consume high-calorie density foods, while the intake of fiber such as vegetables and fruit was very low. The physical activity of all students was low.