04 Dec 2023
30 Nov 2023
Knowledge regarding contraceptive use is a major factor in family planning decisions. Lately, mHealth has gained traction due to increasing technological literacy and the COVID-19 pandemic. This meta-analysis aims to study whether mHealth intervention could improve contraceptive use in reproductive-age women. We conducted a systematic literature search from Pubmed, Embase, and clinicaltrials.gov for relevant articles. Critical analysis was done using the Cochrane Risk of Bias for Clinical trial. Meta-analysis was conducted using random effects model. 12 relevant studies were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. mHealth Intervention significantly improves contraceptive use (OR: 1.53, 95%CI: 1.16 – 2.01; p=0.003). Subgroup analysis shows that mHealth intervention is more effective in Low-Middle income countries compared to high-income countries. Additionally, app-based intervention is more effective compared to text-based or phone-based intervention. mHealth intervention is effective in improving contraceptive use in reproductive-age women.