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30 Jun 2024 (Vol 47 , Iss 06 )

Journal ID : TMJ-02-11-2022-11437
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Title : IMPACT OF NURSE-LED HEALTH EDUCATION INTERVENTION ON COMPLIANCE LEVEL OF ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS DRUG TREATMENT AMONG TB PATIENTS IN HOSPITALS, NIGERIA.

Abstract :

This study assessed the impact of nurse-led health education on the compliance level of anti-tuberculosis drugs among patients in referral hospitals in Nigeria. A quasi-experimental design involving a control group pre-test-post-test involving was employed, and a sample of 194 was drawn from the two total populations of 339 patients using purposive and simple random techniques. Self-developed questionnaires and checklists were the instruments for data collection. The pre-post-test were administered to both the intervention and control groups while only the intervention group received nurse-led health education. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used, inferential statistics were used to compare the groups and test the effects of the intervention on the compliance level of the participants. Baseline findings revealed that participants in both groups showed a very poor level of compliance [Control. (9.0%), Interventions. (6.0%). The compliance level with the PTB drug regimen was found to be significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group post-intervention [int. (90.6%), con. (16.2%)] at p < 0.05. Nurse-Led health education had a significant effect on compliance with the TB drug regimen (p < .001). There was a statistically significant difference in the compliance level of the intervention group before and after the health education intervention (t = 18.86, p = 0.000 at p < 0.05). Health education has a significant impact on compliance levels. There is a need to provide psychological counselling and TB education strategies should be made available in each referral centre.

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