02 Dec 2022
30 Nov 2022
There is many civilians and soldiers who exposed to explosions in Iraq each month and they need an otolaryngological and audiological assessment. To recognize the possible auditory insults and the recovery period of the acquired damages that may resulted from explosion and help for planning of optimal management strategies of otological manifestations and prevent undesirable consequences. A prospective, descriptive study included forty-seven patients who were exposed to blast injuries within two weeks came to otolaryngology unit in Basrah Teaching Hospital complaining from otological symptoms from July 2015 tell January 2017. Three periodic assessment were done for each patient. An initial evaluation was done in the 1st visit included a detailed history and examination to evaluate the symptoms and assess the associated non-otological injury. An otological examination were done for all patients in the three visits, included microscopic ear examination, photos for the perforated tympanic membrane were taken to grade the perforations depending on their surface area, Pure tone audiometry and tympanometry. Thirty-eight patients were available to follow up in the 2nd and 3rd visits. All of the 47 patients were young and middle age male, hearing loss and tinnitus were the most presenting symptoms, which improved with time. Hearing impairment mostly in the high frequencies however there was improvement in the subsequent visits. The majority of patients (93.6%) presented with tympanic membrane perforation mostly grade I which usually healed spontaneously. There was a statistically significant association between the degree of tympanic membrane perforation and associated non-otological injuries and with the explosions if occurred in closed space. Blast related otological injury constitute the main cause of morbidity as the ear is the most sensitive organ to explosive blast injury. Hearing loss was the dominant symptoms at presentation mainly in high frequencies, but fortunately most of patients improved with time. Tympanic membrane perforation constituted the mostly seen sign, however spontaneous healing can be expected in the majority of cases.