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23 Feb 2024 (Vol 47 , Iss 02 )

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29 Feb 2024 (Vol 47 , Iss 02 )

Journal ID : TMJ-15-12-2021-10889
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Title : Impact of an Educational Program on Nurses' Awareness of Infection Control at Primary Health Care Centers in Al-Ramadi City

Abstract :

The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the educational program on nurses' awareness of preventive measures for infection control. To determine the relationship between nurses' awareness and their sociodemographic data. A quasi-experimental design was conducted to evaluate the impact of the educational program on nurses' awareness of infection control from 20 January 2021 to 20 September 2021. Twenty-eight primary health care centers from Sectors I and II were selected. Through inclusion and exclusion criteria, a purposeful sample of (60) male and female nurses working in primary health care centers was selected. The participants were divided into two groups (the study group or the control group), where the first group received the educational program. Study data were collected through interviews and the use of a specially designed two-part instrument. The study found that before implementing the program, both groups had a low level of awareness about preventive measures, but after implementing the program, the study group showed a significant improvement in nurses' awareness about preventive measures for infection control at a high level (2.73). While the control group remained at the same score (1.48). Prior to implementing the program, the study revealed that the nurses had poor awareness of infection control precautions. However, with a high degree of engagement in the educational program, these characteristics in the study group considerably increased in post-test. In the original test, there was no significant association between the relationship, nurses' awareness, and demographic information, except for the nurse's awareness (educational level and training courses). The study recommends the implementation of the national infection control program in all health institutions, emphasizing continuous medical education programs for all property working in health institutions, and continuous follow-up to the application of the program to prevent infection of patients and workers, and focus on holding seminars and lectures on an ongoing basis on infection control.

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