02 Mar 2024
29 Feb 2024
Cutaneous alterations are common in neonates, with a majority of lesions are physiological, transient, or self-limited and require no therapy. Many reports are available about the various disorders peculiar to the skin of infants; however, very little yet known about variations and activity of the skin in neonates. The study attempt to determine the frequency of various dermatoses, i.e., physiological and pathological among newborns within the neonatal period, determine the effect of other variables on the frequency of various dermatoses, determine the most common site of various dermatoses, and to study the mother response among various dermatoses. A total of 260 newborns have examined in a hospital-based, cross-sectional prospective study extending from the first of July 2019 to the fifteenth of September 2020, with regular working hours. Erythema Toxicum Neonatorum (ETN) has observed in 6.25%, Milia has observed in 31.25%, Omphalitis observed in 6.25%. The frequency of Traumatic skin Lesions reached 6.25%, with no significant differences observed in the prevalence of dermatoses concerning maternal diseases. There were statistically significant differences for salmon patches and erythema toxicum neonatorum with toxic habits, vernix caseosa to drug intake during pregnancy, palatal cyst, verinex caseosa, and jaundice concerning dietary supplements. Birthmarks and various dermatoses were more in males than females’ newborns. Significant differences between various dermatoses and mood of delivery. Significant differences between various dermatoses with maternal health status and neonatal age. Birth Traumas were more in babies who had birth weight more than 3.5 KG (3.5 KG) and those delivered by NVD than CIS.