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28 Sep 2022 (Vol 45 , Iss 08 )

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30 Sep 2022 (Vol 45 , Iss 07 )

Journal ID : TMJ-29-01-2022-11061
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Title : Effectiveness of an Educational Program on Nurses’ Knowledge, about the Preventive Measures of Transmission of COVID-19 in Baghdad Teaching Hospital.

Abstract :

The study aimed to evaluate the nurses’ knowledge about preventive measures to avoid transmission of COVID-19. To determining the effectiveness of an Interventional Program on nurses’ knowledge about preventive measures to avoid transmission of COVID-19. To find out the relationship between nurses’ knowledge and socio-demographic characteristic (level of education, years of experiences, and number of training sessions). A quasi-experimental design using test-re test approach for study group and control group participants employed in Baghdad Teaching Hospital being from 20th -23th of December 2020, then after period post-test-1 tested for both groups (in 23th December 2020). The study is conducted at Baghdad Teaching Hospital. A non –probability (purposive) sample of (60) nurse's (males and females), who were working in Baghdad Teaching Hospitals from different units. Study sample divided in to two groups, (30) nurses as study group were exposed to the educational program, and the other (30) nurses were not exposed to the educational program considered as the control group. The study found that before implementing the program, both groups had a low level of knowledge about the Preventive Measures of Transmission of COVID-19, but after implementing the program, the study group showed a significant improvement in nurses' knowledge about the Preventive Measures of Transmission of COVID-19. While the control group there was no significant improvement in nurses' knowledge about the Preventive Measures of Transmission of COVID-19. Prior to implementing the program, the study revealed that the nurses had knowledge about the Preventive Measures of Transmission of COVID-19. However, with a high degree of engagement in the educational program, these knowledge in the study group considerably increased in post-test. In the original test, there was no relationship between nurses’ knowledge and socio-demographic characteristic (level of education, years of experiences, and number of training sessions). The study recommends to a Prepare a structured educational program about the Preventive Measures of Transmission of COVID-19 to improve the knowledge, attitude, and practice of nursing staff. The need for care guidelines with ongoing educational programs to increase and refresh Nurses' knowledge, attitude, and practice about the Preventive Measures of Transmission of COVID-19, these Guidelines could be printed and distributed by hospitals in the specific areas for use as a reference. Conducting further studies regarding the improvement of nurses' knowledge, attitude and practices about the Preventive Measures of Transmission of COVID-19 and preparation in order to increase the level of nursing knowledge, attitude and practices performance over the years. A similar study can be conducted in other hospital settings.

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