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08 Jul 2022 (Vol 45 , Iss 05 )

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31 Jul 2022 (Vol 45 , Iss 05 )

Journal ID : TMJ-05-03-2022-11172
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Title : Association between Food Consumption and Types of Anemia among Pregnant Women in Development Country

Abstract :

Anemia was a serious problem for pregnancy. The incidence of anemia in pregnant women in Indonesia was 48.9%. Data from the Cikuesik Health Center in Pandeglang Regency shows that the number of pregnant women with anemia until June 2021 was 57.77%. This study aimed to determine the association between food consumption on the type of anemia in pregnant women in the Area of the Cikeusik Public Health Center, Pandeglang Regency. This was a cross-sectional study. This study occurred from April to August 2021 at Cikeusik Health Center. With purposive sampling, 17 respondents were obtained. The instrument was a hemoglobin test kit and observation sheet. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate. From 17 respondents with mild anemia, 64.7% had iron deficiency anemia and 35.3% had megaloblastic anemia. Most of the respondents consumed food with sufficient energy intake (52.9%), less protein intake (52.9%), sufficient fat intake (58.8%), sufficient carbohydrate intake (70.6%), less fiber intake (58.8%), adequate intake of vitamins (folate, B6, B12) (64.7%), and insufficient intake of iron (58.8%). The statistical results showed that there was no association between energy intake (p=0.178), protein (p=1.000), fat (p=0.976), carbohydrates (p=1.000), and fiber (p=0.976) on the type of anemia among pregnant women. There was an association between vitamin intake (folate, B6, B12) (p=0.011) and iron intake (p=0.036) on the type of anemia among pregnant women. In conclusion, there was an association between food consumption on the type of anemia among pregnant women. They were advised to consume Fe tablets, iron-rich foods, folate, B6, and B12 to avoid anemia.

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