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21 May 2022 (Vol 45 , Iss 04 )

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31 May 2022 (Vol 45 , Iss 03 )

Journal ID : TMJ-12-02-2022-11112
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Title : Adverse Effects of Nargile Smoking on Healthy Individuals in Nasiriya City, Iraq

Abstract :

Smoke from a nargile contains many of the same toxicants that are in cigarettes that can also lead to acute intoxication in nargile users. Several smokers may propose they do not inhale the smoke. Although smokers just receive the smoke into the oral cavity and do not truly inhale, the body remains to absorb the nicotine across the lining of the oral cavity. The increasing frequency of usage, the sum of nargile smoked, and extended smoking periods were associated with a greater hazard of nicotine dependence. This study was intended to research the impact of smoking nargile on the health of a sample of Nasiriya people. A cross-sectional study was carried on 400 healthy Iraqi citizens who are smoking shisha in the Iraqi Cafes and restaurants in Nasiriya city. The volunteers aged 15-50 years were recruited during the period from April to July 2019 in Nasiriya to participate in this study. All volunteers were provided with oral consent to participate in the study. Materials include queries about data. Pulse rate measurement and oxygen saturation and blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) were measured by the researcher using a pulse oximeter, sphygmomanometer respectively. Most of the nargile smokers were males 95.75%, with a mean age of 28.49±7.55 years, 83.75% were regular smokers of nargile, and 86% smokes for more than one year. Dry throat and headache were the main detrimental effects reported by the participants. Hematological abnormalities were the main complaint about admission to hospitals. There was a significant association (P-value< 0.05) linking socio-demographic features, nargile smoking habits, psychogenic effects, entire undesirable health outcomes and intention to stop smoking nargile, and significance association (P-value< 0.05) linking socio-demographic features, nargile smoking habits and detrimental effects. In this study, the elements that are considerably correlated with the detrimental health effects were: regularity of smoking and frequency of smoking. Important considerations correlated to the probability of a one not proposing to stop nargile were academic achievement, the regularity of smoking, frequency of smoking, best tobacco flavor, relax feeling, mental focus or concentration change, taste in the mouth, and detrimental health effects.

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