04 Dec 2023
30 Nov 2023
Basketball, a sport characterized by intense bursts of physical exertion, places immense physiological demands on athletes, with oxygen saturation serving as a key indicator of performance and well-being. This study aims to comprehensively analyse changes in blood oxygen saturation levels among male basketball players in a competitive match. We conducted a prospective observational study involving a cohort of 30 state or national level male basketball players within the age group of 18-28 years. These players were subjected for competitive match of 40 minutes with the restrictions like no substitution was done, no player was allowed to play the match more than once and no supplement other than water were allowed throughout the game. Pre-match and post-match blood oxygen saturation levels of all the 30 players were measured in percentage using pulse oximeter. Our findings reveal that players exhibited a mean pre-match saturation of 97.63%, which decreased to 95.53% post-match. There is a significant decrease in blood oxygen saturation levels in male basketball players by the end of their respective competitive matches (p<0.001). This study highlights that male basketball players experience a notable decline in blood oxygen saturation by the end of competitive matches, suggesting a substantial oxygen demand that may be influenced by various individual and situational factors. These findings have implications for athlete performance and health, emphasizing the need for tailored strategies to optimize oxygen delivery and enhance player endurance and recovery.
Sleep is an essential indicator of overall health, physical, behavioral, emotional, and cognitive development, especially in children and adolescents. Studies used the sleep domains Bedtime Resistance, Sleep Onset Delay, Sleep Duration, Sleep Anxiety, Night Waking, Parasomnias, Sleep-Disordered Breathing, and Daytime Sleepiness as a tool to explore the disparities in gender and age. A cross-sectional study for children aged 1-11 years held in the pediatric outpatient clinic at Maternity and Children Hospital, Tabuk City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study used a structured. A questionnaire of the children's sleep habits was distributed to the parents via one-to-one interview while recalling their child's behavior for the recent week's sleep pattern. 184 children were enrolled; male and female children were 54.4% and 46.6%, respectively. The three age groups are toddler, age 1 to 3 years (16.3%); pre-school, age 4 to 5 years (22.3%); and primary school, age 6 to 11 years (61.4%). The study showed clinical significance with P <0.01 for age and sex in sleep duration, total sleep-related difficulties, bedtime resistance, and parasomnia. However, there was a clinical significance in age but not sex when waking after 5 a.m. There is no significant difference in sleep onset delay, sleep-disordered breathing, and night walking for both genders and ages. This study concluded that variable rates of sleep patterns and problems among children are due to multiple intrinsic and extrinsic factors, such as developmental progress concerning each gender- and group and the potential socioeconomic and lifestyle surrounding the child. Parental awareness of standard sleep patterns and related problems may provide ideal guidance in healthy sleep. Future studies are warranted to replicate these classes and to identify associated factors with each class.
Excessive salt consumption is the single most impactful modifiable risk factor of hypertension yet; majority of world’s population consume more than it is recommended. Population-specific salt consumption data is essential for public health action and the development of salt reduction interventions. The study assessed salt consumption level and its relationship with salt-related knowledge, attitude and behaviour among hypertensive patients using 24-hour urinary sodium excretion as consumption index. A clinic-based case survey conducted between November, 2022 and January, 2023 among 86 randomly selected hypertensive patients in two healthcare facilities in Yenagoa, Bayelsa state, Nigeria. Validated questionnaires were used to obtain data on participants’ demographic characteristics and salt-related knowledge, attitude and behaviour. Participants’ 24-hour urine samples were collected with wide-neck 3-litre containers and urinary sodium measured with a standard potentiometric analyzer. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 24; hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. Results showed that majority (75 [87.2%]) of the participants consumed above 5g of salt per day. The sample average daily salt intake was 6.4g, and there was no significant relationship between participants’ dietary salt-related knowledge, attitude and behaviour, and 24-hour urinary sodium excretion. Participants’ 24-hour urinary sodium excretion was independent of gender, age, residential area, and educational status (P > 0.05). Salt consmption level of hypertensive individuals in Bayelsa state, Nigeria, is above measures recommended for healthy living. Development and implementation of salt reduction interventions in line with World Health Organization framework of consumer awareness, product reformulation and environmental change may help reduce intake.
Depression and anxiety have a significant role in human well-being, quality of life, morbidity and mortality. It have negative impact on self esteem and ability to perform daily tasks. Bariatric surgery is gaining popularity since it delivers effective long-term weight loss, also improving physical, medical, and emotional health. The effect of Bariatric surgery on depression and anxiety varies between patients. This study aimed to measure the prevalence of depression, anxiety and its related risk factors among post-bariatric patients in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 406 adults who underwent bariatric surgery. Two validated screening tools for depression and anxiety were applied in this study; Patient Health Questionnaire-7 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaire (GAD-7). Regarding depression prevalence, 36.2% of the participant ranged from moderate depression to severe depression. Regarding anxiety prevalence, 22.1% of the participant had moderate to severe anxiety after bariatric surgery. Logistic regression for significant factors of depression displays that, nationality, time since the surgery performed and complication after surgery were significant predictors for depression (p≤0.05). The significant predictors for anxiety were age, time since the surgery performed and complication after surgery (p≤0.05). This study concluded that a significant proportion of patients had varied degrees of depression and anxiety after bariatric surgery. Longer time since surgery performed and complication after surgery were significant predictors for depression and anxiety as well, so more psychiatric follow up was recommended.
Pre-travel counseling for diabetic patients is an area that requires improvement in Saudi Arabia. Diabetic travelers often encounter various challenges and complications, adding to the importance of providing adequate pre-travel counseling. This study aimed to assess the awareness and perceived practice of diabetic patients regarding pre-travel counseling in Dammam and Qatif, KSA. A cross-sectional study was conducted on diabetic patients attending primary healthcare centers in Dammam and Qatif cities, Saudi Arabia, from November 2022 to April 2023. A total of 380 diabetic patients participated in this study. The results revealed that 67.4% of the diabetic respondents had a low level of awareness regarding pre-travel counseling. Regarding practice, 44.5% of the participants did not seek advice on diabetic care while traveling. Significant associations were found between the level of awareness and the sector, type of treatment, Hgb A1c, and history of travel. Furthermore, the level of perceived practice was significantly associated with gender, sector, and level of awareness (p≤0.05). This study concludes that a significant proportion of the participants demonstrated a poor level of awareness and practice. There was a notable disparity between the level of awareness and perceived practice. These findings emphasize the need to enhance the level of awareness and practice among diabetic travelers.