04 Dec 2023
30 Nov 2023
This paper presents the findings of an exploratory study that investigates the trends and themes related to the word 'diabetes' in the Malaysian media. The study utilizes the Malaysian Diabetes Corpus (MyDC), a specialized corpus consisting of online newspaper articles published between 2013 and 2018. The analysis combines corpus linguistics methodology with visualizations to examine the data. The results reveal a notable peak in the usage of the term 'diabetes' during the month of November across the studied years (2013-2018), coinciding with the increased attention given to World Diabetes Day. While there was a significant rise in the number of articles in 2018, the relative frequency of the word 'diabetes' remained stable throughout all the years. Among the various themes associated with 'diabetes', the most common ones include 'Awareness/Management', 'Type of (other related) disease', and 'Patient/Population'. This suggests that diabetes is increasingly portrayed in diverse contexts, with a greater emphasis on raising awareness and managing the condition rather than the traditional linguistic definition of the illness. The findings underscore the influential role of online media in promoting diabetes awareness and providing an effective platform for public diabetes prevention strategies. However, further investigation into the dynamics of online media and its impact on diabetes education is recommended to gain a deeper understanding of this relationship.
Male infertility is a major health trouble that spread seriously. It can be due to a variety of factors as nutritional imbalances and exposure to chemicals. Calcium Carbide (CaC2) is a chemical compound used as artificial fruits ripening agent. Consumption of carbide-ripened fruits is extremely hazardous for health because it contains traces of toxic metals as arsenic that increases the levels of oxidative stress. There are many sources rich in phytochemicals with strong antioxidant properties including Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea L.) and Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.). Hence, the intent of the study was to estimate the active components of Echinacea and Chamomile extracts and investigate the ameliorating effects of these extracts on infertility and oxidative state induced in male rats. Fifty male adult rats weighing (160 ± 20 g) were divided to; two groups served as control groups and other three groups consumed CaC2 containing diet (25 g kg-1) plus one of the tested extracts or mix of both orally (at a dose of 200 mg kg-1 b. wt.) for 6 weeks. Serum and testes were evaluated for oxidative stress, inflammation, hormonal disturbances, sperm and testes anomalies and immune system response. Results suggest that Echinacea and Chamomile extracts alone or in combination compete with male infertility and its associated disturbances through their active constituents. Synergistic effects of both extracts were considered.
The distal hereditary motor neuropathies (dHMN) also known as spinal form of Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease (CMT) is a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous inherited neuromuscular disorders characterized by the degeneration of alpha motor neurons in the peripheral nervous system leading to slowly progressive distal symmetric limb muscle weakness and atrophy. More than thirty genes have been reported today to be associated with the dHMN disease. After clinical and neurological investigations of one dHMN Moroccan patient of 5 other affected family members by a neurologist, we performed a whole exome sequencing (WES) followed by a Sanger confirmation of the available members of the family. The proband had the first muscular signs at the age of 34 years starting with a progressive muscle weakness and atrophy in the two lower limbs leading to an axonal bilateral and symmetrical motor neuropathy in lower limbs with absence of overt sensory abnormalities was noticed. WES analysis revealed a HSPB1 pathogenic heterozygous variant c.452C>T, p.(Thr151Ile). This study identifies, in the first Moroccan family, a heterozygous variant in HSPB1 gene as a cause of the dominant form of distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN).
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) and Norovirus (NoV) are among the major causes of gastroenteritis in the world. This study demonstrated the seasonal and geographic distribution of NoV (genogroups I and II) and HAV in bivalve molluscs. Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) were collected (n = 70 samples; 12 mussels/sample) from the Zenata area (Casa-Mohammedia region) in Morocco from December 2021 to February 2023. Real-time reverse polymerase chain reaction transcription (RT-PCR) revealed both viruses. The bivalve mollusc samples tested were gathered in the Moroccan province of Zenata. Of the 70 samples analysed by RT-PCR in real time, 2 were positive for HAV (2.86%), 48 were positive for GI NoV (68.57%), and 57 were positive for GII NoV (81.43%). For this reason, it is necessary to monitor bivalve shellfish's viral health before being released for human consumption.
Musculoskeletal exercise and physical training are important activities with multiple health advantages; nonetheless, injuries sustained during physical training are a major issue in the military. Injuries significantly impact society and people serving in the military because they prevent people from going to work, participating in training, preparing for battle, and doing regular tasks. To examine the potential link between the duration and intensity of physical exercise and sports injuries among Saudi Arabian military students. Authors surveyed the military students of the year 2021 as part of a cross-sectional observational study. SPSS was used for the data analysis. Stress fractures in the pelvic and thigh regions were among the injuries assessed in a study of 73 military students. The study was approved in 2022 by the King Fahad Security College Studies and Research Centre, with approval number A-1-43. The study found no significant relationship between course duration and fracture type (p = .165), indicating that the type of physical activity was the main effect. Also, each kilogram increase in weight at the date of seeking treatment increased the likelihood of the participant having a stress fracture in the pelvic region and thigh by 1.174 times compared with a stress fracture in the lower leg. The type of physical activity might have a major role in determining the types of injuries, while the duration of the activity had no effect. We recommend future research to examine other risk factors for fractures and include other military schools.