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02 Dec 2022 (Vol 45 , Iss 10 )

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Teikyo Medical Journal


Journal ID : TMJ-16-04-2022-11254
Total View : 453

Title : Evaluation of the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in Patients wearing removable complete dentures made with different border molding techniques: A clinical study

Abstract :

How different techniques of border molding affect removable complete-denture oral health quality of life is unclear. Under-standing the factors affecting patients’ quality of life with their dentures is essential to achieving higher quality of life rates. The Aim of this clinical study was to compare the oral health quality of life (OHIP-14) between The sectional and the single-step techniques in participants with removable complete dentures. Twelve Edentulous patients were recruited according to definitive criteria. The participants were randomly divided into two groups: in the first group the borders were molded with sectional technique using green stick impression compound and in the second group, were molded with the single-step using light-cured acrylic resin. the two techniques followed by a final impression using zinc oxide-eugenol impression paste. After the delivery of the denture. Denture satisfaction was evaluated with the OHIP-14 questionnaire. Data were statistically analyzed by using the t test and Mann-Whitney U (a=.05). The general mean OHIP-14 was higher for the single-step using light-cured acrylic resin than for the conventional technique. There was a significant difference between maxillary removable complete dentures with the single-step and the conventional techniques BUT there was not statistically significant (P>.05) between mandibular removable complete dentures with the 2 techniques. No significant difference in participants with mandibular removable complete dentures. There was a significant difference in participants with maxillary removable complete denture between the 2 techniques in term: Oral health quality of life.

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Journal ID : TMJ-15-04-2022-11252
Total View : 378

Title : The Effectiveness of Life Style Intervention Program for Pregnant Obese Women: A Systematic Review

Abstract :

The increasing of obesity occurs in almost every country in the world. The prevalence of obesity in pregnant woman has increased each year. There are some articles reported that lifestyle intervention program could prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy. However, the mechanism of this program is still debated. The aim of the literature review was to identify evidence of the effectiveness of lifestyle intervention program to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy. A literature review. We conducted a systematic search of electronic databases to collect data from published literature in English from Januari 2011 to Januari 2021. Four databases included were CINAHL, Scopus, PubMed and Science Direct. We examined studies that analyzed and explained deeply regarding lifestyle to prevent excessive weight gain during prengnancy. All of studies reported Life style intervention program significantly improved behaviors to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy. Beside weight gain, the program also expected to prevent complications in pregnancy and childbirth.

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Journal ID : TMJ-14-04-2022-11250
Total View : 356

Title : Comparison study between Levels of thyroid autoantibodies (anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies and thyroglobulin antibodies) and Thyroid hormones among women with Thyroiditis and Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Abstract :

Thyroid autoantibodies and thyroid hormones were examined in women with thyroiditis and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Measurement of anti-TPO; anti-Tgo; T3; T4 and TSH by double-sandwich Elisa technique. Current study showed no statistically significant difference between the Levels of TSH, T3, T4, concentration of Anti-Tg and Anti TPO in serum of Thyroid it is group and age groups (P=0.190, P=0.609, P=0.522, P=0.513 and P=0.718 respectively), but was no significant (P=0.919) difference between Control and Polycystic groups. Anti Tg level was no statistically significant difference between Control and Thyroiditis groups (P=0.853), but the difference between Control and Polycystic groups was highly statistically significant (P=0.000). Anti TPO level was no statistically significant difference between Control and Thyroiditis groups (P=0.335), also the difference between Control and Polycystic groups was no statistically significant (P=0.567), whilst highest level of TSH, T3. T4 and Anti Tg among Thyroiditis group [(8.20±5.60), (2.81±0.62), (2.81±0.62) and (0.32±0.24) respectively]. While level of Anti TPO (0.58±0.34) was higher in Control group, The levels of T4;TSH; Anti TPO and Anti-Tg were highest in Hypothyroidism cases [(10.42±5.87), (10.75±3.79), (0.38±0.28) and (0.64±0.39) respectively]. The highest levels of T3 and T4[ (2.86±0.87) and (12.70±3.05)] was in Hyperthyroidism cases. The difference were no statistically significant of all difference (T3, T4, Anti-Tg and Anti TPO) between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism of Thyroiditis group (P=0.726, P=0.159, P=0.057 and P=0.233 respectively), except the TSH level difference was highly statistically significant (P=0.002). No statistically significant difference between the Levels of TSH, T3, T4, concentration of Anti-Tg and Anti TPO in serum of Thyroid it is group and age groups. Anti Tg level was no statistically significant difference between Control and Thyroiditis groups, but the difference between Control and Polycystic groups was highly significant. also difference between Control and Polycystic groups, whilst highest level of TSH, T3,T4 and Anti Tg were among Thyroiditis group, WhileAnti-Tg and Anti TPOwere highest in Hypothyroidism. highest levels of T3 and T4 were in Hyperthyroidism cases, and no significant of all difference(T3, T4, Anti-Tg and Anti TPO) between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism of Thyroiditis group, except TSH.

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Journal ID : TMJ-13-04-2022-11249
Total View : 405

Title : The role of iron oxide nanoparticles in the growth and propagation of the broccoli plant Brassica Oleracea

Abstract :

This study was conducted in the Plant Cell and Tissue Culture Laboratory of the Department of Life Sciences at the College of Education for Pure Sciences at the University of Diyala during the period from September 2020 to July 2021. This study was carried out with the aim of obtaining typical suspended cell cultures. Of the broccoli plant Brassica Oleracea of medicinal and pharmaceutical value, which is derived from the callus of the subcotyledonous stems of broccoli grown on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of 2,4-(2,4-D) Dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (interlaced with Benzyl adenine (BA) and then follow-up The results of its cultivation, the results indicate the following. The stems grown on MS medium supplemented with growth regulators have superiority and ability to induce callus compared to their peers in the control treatment. It was found that the MS medium supplemented with concentrations of 1.5,2.00 mg.l-1,4-D + 0.5 mg.l-1 BA stimulated callus induction and achieved the highest value of 100% compared to the control treatment whose induction was 0%, and the percentage of Induction to 50% in the treatment at a concentration of 0.5,1.00 mg.l ¬¬-1,4-D + 0.5 mg.l-1 BA. The results also indicate that the highest average fresh weight of the callus was recorded when treatment of 1.5.2.00 mg.l ¬¬-1 of growth regulators, which reached 1.166,2.343 g.piece -1 in a row, outperforming the treatment with a concentration of 0.5,1.00 mg. L-1 2,4-D + 0.5 mg.L-1 BA, whose value started decreasing to 0.313,0.860 g.pc-1, respectively. The results showed that the concentration exceeded 2.00 mg. 1 liter of 2,4-D + 0.5 of BA added to it nano iron oxide was significantly higher than the rest of the concentrations, as it recorded the highest mean of 4.453 gm of fresh weight compared to the control treatment of 2.343 gm. for the stem and amounted to 4.333 gm compared to the control treatment which amounted to 2.650 gm for the leaf the.

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Journal ID : TMJ-13-04-2022-11248
Total View : 356

Title : The Impact of Nutrition Education and Physical Activity on Changes in Nutritional Status in Adolescents Overweight and Obesity

Abstract :

Adolescent nutritional status determines adolescents' nutritional state and health into adulthood. Adolescents who experience more nutrition continuously can be at risk of degenerative diseases. Analyze the influence of nutrition education with media modules and physical activity on changes in nutritional status in overweight and obese adolescents. The research design was a quasi-experiment pre-post-intervention study. Of 38 respondents, the number of subjects consisted of two groups: the treatment and control groups. The treatment group was given nutrition education and physical activity, and the control group was not given any treatment. Data analysis using Independent sample test, Mann-Whitney test, Paired Sample test, and Wilcoxon test. Statistical test results showed the average treatment group decreased significantly in weight (2.38±0.65), BMI-for-age z-scores (0.23±0.47), waist circumference (-2.42±0.50 cm), and increased knowledge (26.84±7.67). In the control group, weight loss (-0.74±2.63) and BMI-for-age z-scores (-0.01±0.53), but waist circumference (0.10±0.93) and knowledge (4.47±6.21) increased both in the treatment group and in the control group. The results showed that there was a significant influence of nutritional education and physical activity interventions on weight loss (p=0.001), BMI-for-age z-scores (p=0.004), and waist circumference (0.004) in the treatment group and control group in adolescents. Nutritional education interventions using module media and physical activity effectively improve nutritional status in overweight and obese adolescents. Nutrition education with media modules containing balanced nutrition messages and the contents of my plate and physical activity with physical freshness gymnastics is one way to improve the nutritional status of adolescents.

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