04 Dec 2023
30 Nov 2023
Stunting is a condition of delayed growth and development in adolescents due to chronic malnutrition. Adolescents who have different physical conditions with their peers tend to feel insecure, so that it can cause self-concept disorders. To determine the characteristics and self-concept along with the components in adolescents aged between 11-15 years old who have experience stunting in the Guntur District, Demak Regency. Quantitative research design with a Cross Sectional approach. The population of this research was students who experienced stunting in the Guntur District, Demak Regency. The number of samples are 35 students using purposive sampling technique. Data analysis method using univariate. Adolescents who have a positive self-concept are 18 adolescents (51.4%), positive self-image are 21 respondents (60%), negative self-ideal 19 respondents (54.3%), negative self-esteem are 20 respondents (57.1%), negative self-role totaled 18 respondents (51.4%), and positive self-identity amounted to 18 respondents (51.4%). Adolescents who experience stunting in the Guntur District, Demak Regency, some have a positive self-concepts totaling and some have a negative. It is hoped that this research can be used as a reference for further research and can add more variables and different research methods Adolescents who experience stunting in the Guntur District, Demak Regency, some have a positive self-concepts totaling and some have a negative. It is hoped that this research can be used as a reference for further research and can add more variables and different research methods Adolescents who experience stunting in the Guntur District, Demak Regency, some have a positive self-concepts totaling and some have a negative. It is hoped that this research can be used as a reference for further research and can add more variables and different research methods.
The aim of the study is to highlight the role of PET-CT in assessment of post-operative colorectal cancer to allow detection of local recurrence or distant metastasis so the clinician makes the best management plan. Twenty-five post-operative patients with colorectal carcinoma underwent FDG PET-CT. The final histopathological and/or at least 6 months of clinical and radiological follow-up were used as reference standard to make sure of the final diagnosis of recurrence or metastasis and decide the specificity and sensitivity of FDG PET-CT and enhanced CT of the same periods. Out of the 25 patients were included in the study, PET-CT was positive for recurrent colorectal cancer either local recurrence or distant metastasis in 16 patients (64 %) and negative in 9 patients (36 %). PET- CT show high accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity in detection of local recurrence 96%, 94.1%, and 100% respectively, and 100% sensitivity, accuracy and specificity in detecting hepatic and extra hepatic metastasis. PET/CT showed superior diagnostic performance in detecting recurrence either local or distant metastasis in post-operative colorectal cancer with high sensitivity, accuracy and specificity and it is advisable to be used in surveillance of postoperative colorectal patients.
Actinomycetes genus streptomyces is a gram positive bacteria that has a high content of guanine and cytosine, and also enzyme nitrate reductase in extracellular fluid. The formation of silver nanoparticles with actinomycetes is scientifically suggested through the involvement of the enzyme nitrate reductase modifying silver ions into silver nanoparticles. The aim of study is evaluate the potency of extracellular fluid of streptomyces strain SM 4 as a bioreductor in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles along with the antibacterial activity. The experiments had been conducted by mixing the extracellular fluid from 11 days fermentation of strain sm 4 with 1 mm silver nitrate solution. As the results, 11 days fermentation of extracellular fluid from strain SM 4. The silver nanoparticles products were observed with uv-vis spectrophotometry at a wavelength of 415 nm, absorbance of 1.039 with an estimated particle size of 35 to 50 nm. Furthermore, in term of antibacterial activity assay, silver nanoparticles inhibit the formation of on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were 9.822 mm and 8.956 mm, respectively. Streptomyces strain sm 4 can be used as a bioreductor in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles detected at a wavelength of 415 nm with an estimated size of 35-50 nm. The antibacterial activity of the silver nanoparticles formed can inhibit the growth of E.coli and S.aureus bacteria.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder and is the main cause of infertility in women. The most known risk factors are obesity and insulin resistance which are usually found in children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). PCOS begins with altered pulsatile GnRH release, leading to increase production of luteinizing hormone (LH). The excessive accumulation of LH stimulates the production of androgens in the ovaries. The increase of androgens (especially androstenedione) plays a role in the patient's abnormal lipid profile, hirsutism and acne. Children with Growth Hormone Deficiency (GHD) have a low lipid profile that can lead to obesity and insulin resistance. These are known as risk factors for PCOS. The recommended starting dose of GH is 0.025 mg/kg/day and the dose is then adjusted to 0.05 mg/kg/day. Studies found positive effects of the therapy for child growth and metabolism. So that the provision of GH therapy in children is expected to improve the quality of life by improving growth and preventing PCOS in the future. GH therapy in children with GHD can help in achieving optimal height and preventing the risk of PCOS from an early age.
In Iraq, a large proportion of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) patients were 1,340,000 confirmed cases as of June 7, 2021. The common symptoms of acute patients include cough, fever, shortness of breath and myalgia, joint pain, fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms, and dyspepsia. Because there are only limited data and evidence available about the long-term effects in patients after recovery from infection with COVID-19, the aim of this study is to evaluate and determine the persistent symptoms in Iraqi patients after recovery from COVID-19. Hence, particular data on specific symptoms and infections associated with COVID-19 were obtained using a common standard questionnaire run by the researchers where the subjects (754) are asked to complete a form prepared for this purpose that indicated the absence or presence of symptoms. The results of these unique studies in Iraq showed that about 85.5% of people who recover from COVID-19 have at least one persistent symptom. The most common symptoms were joint pain, dyspnoea, chest pain, and cough. The results also showed other symptoms, though at lower incidence that the above, such as headache, heart palpitations, and hearing disorders had been noted. With respect to less common symptoms and those also considered important long-term complications, 191 (19.2%) of respondents had neurological problems, 163 (16.3%) had psychological problems, and 154 (15.4%) had skin rash and hair loss, where the durations of these persistent symptoms lasted from 1-6 months. In conclusion, the present study has shown that different persistent symptoms were common in recovered COVID-19 patients and were related to age and number of comorbidities present during the acute phase. Many COVID-19 patients were back to their normal physical health in one month however the majority of patients were symptoms-free from 1-6 months after COVID-19 onset.